Colon cancer benign polyps.

  1. Colon Polyps » LaurusMedical - Hemorrhoids, Varicose Vein, Gastroenterology, Dermatology

Colon Polyps are benign epithelial formations. The causes of colon polyps have not been clearly elucidated so far.

Colorectal Cancer Screening

It is, however, widely acknowledged that chronic inflammatory diseases favour the ageing of the colon mucous membrane epithelium, with the appearance of benign neoformations on the mucous membrane.

The colon mucous membrane epithelial cells are normally often replaced by exfoliationwhich helps prevent the aggressions of the external environmental harmful factors — such as carcinogenic agents.

colon cancer benign polyps

The perturbation of the colon mucous membrane regeneration process can cause polyps. There is a theory according to which they stem from high development potential embryonic buds.

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The genetic predisposition is also mentioned. Classification of polyps Polyps may be classified into tubular, tubulovillous and villous according to the morphologic criteria.

colon cancer benign polyps

The most frequently encountered polyps are adenomatous polyps. They are classified into three types: Tubular polyps are small, but they rarely exceed 1 cm in diameter, they are pediculated with a well-organized structure and smooth surface. Tubulovillous polyps are a form of transition, with a shorter lobe and a less smooth surface than in the case of the tubular ones. In children and young people juvenile polyps may occur.

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They are part of tumours stemming colon cancer benign polyps the embryonic tissue residues, they most often are solitary, with sizes of up to 5 cm, with a long lobe, sometimes cluster-shaped, smooth or lobulated, covered in a glossy mucous membrane.

Colon polyps are precancerous lesions! The larger the number of polyps identified in a person, the higher their subsequent malignancy transformation risk. If up to polyps are identified, we are talking about multiple polyposis, for colon cancer benign polyps than polyps identified — diffuse colon polyposis or familial adenomatous polyposis.

Classification of polyps

Adenomatous polyposis is a hereditary disease characterized by the appearance of a large number of colon polyps, with a high subsequent malignancy risk. The number of polyps increases with the age. Hence, in the case of children with familial adenomatous polyposis risk, screening tests, rectosigmoidoscopy or repeated colonoscopy are recommended, starting the age of Clinical Presentation: In most cases, colon polyps have no clinical symptoms and they are identified by chance, as part of endoscopy investigations performed for the exploration of other pathologies.

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Polyps above 1. How Are Colon Polyps Treated?

What Are Colon Polyps?

The conservative colon polyp treatment is inefficient. All colon cancer benign polyps identified during the rectosigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy needs to be excised and histopathologically investigated. Polypectomy is performed during colonoscopy, with the help of a loop connected to the electrocautery device, inserted through the colon cancer benign polyps. Large polyps are removed through repeated sectioning. Familial adenomatous polyposis is treated through repeated endoscopic polypectomies and in severe cases, total colectomy may be required.

Because it is a precancerous lesion, after the removal of polyps, regular follow-up visits of the patients are required colonoscopy.

Celecoxib has been shown to reduce the number and size of adenomatous colorectal polyps.

The early identification and resection of asymptomatic polyps is one of the most important colon cancer prevention methods. LaurusMedical Appointments.

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